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Reconstitution of cell cytoskeleton in vitro

Organisers: Laurent Blanchoin and Manuel Théry

Date: 27 - 30 January 2019

Location: Wiston House, UK

“What I cannot create I do not understand”. This famous quote from Richard Feynman illustrates the motivation of the scientists who decided to understand cell biology by isolating their elementary components to understand cell processes. Protein after protein, purified compounds are added to the other in the hope of identifying the minimum set it takes to ensure specific cell functions. Moving enzymes on DNA, folding of amino-acid sequences in vesicles, spatial segregation of signaling platforms in membranes, moving motors on microtubules or contracting bundles made of actin filaments, many cellular pieces have now been reconstituted in vitro.

One piece after the other, structures get more complex, and so do their functions. This additive approach, or bottom-up approach, differs from the more classical substractive strategy that consists of removing a given element by silencing its expression or promoting its degradation. Each field, from chromatin dynamics to lipid signaling, can now count few great achievements demonstrating the interest of addressing the problem upside down.

While the early experiments, such as the assembly of nuclear membrane around bacteriophage DNA, are 30 years old, there is a new excitment for these reconstitution approaches. The most difficult challenges have been engaged, and recently complex structures like kinetochores were reconstituted. Furthermore, new technologies have recently come into play to direct cell structure self-organization in vitro, such as the assembly of cytokinetic rings or mini-muscles.

During the workshop we will decompose the cell into organelles and discuss the associated processes that have been reconstituted in vitro.

Pioneers in the fields will cover the reconstitution of actin architectures, microtubule networks, intermediate filaments, mitotic spindles, primary cilia, lipid domains, and signalling platforms.

The main objective is to promote new collaborations, such as the association of structures (cytoskeletons with lipid), the combination of function (transport with signaling) and progress toward the reconstitution of more complex cell processes.

In the end, we plan to offer researchers the opportunity to think more broadly about self-organization processes, the common logic and the organelle specialties. Indeed “What I cannot create I don’t understand” does not imply that you understand what you can create…

 

About Wiston House

Wiston House

The Workshops will be held at the beautiful Wiston House, which is a 16th century Grade I listed building located at the foot of the South Downs in West Sussex. The house is surrounded by over 6,000 acres of parkland with magnificent views from the mile-long drive.

Wiston House is the home of Wilton Park, one of the world’s leading centres for the discussion of key international policy issues. Wilton Park was created in 1946 to help re-establish peace and democracy in Europe as part of an initiative inspired by Winston Churchill. Wiston House has an amazing history and appears in the Domesday Book, the register of English possessions made by William the Conqueror in 1086, 20 years after he won the Battle of Hastings.

Wiston House is 32 miles from Gatwick Airport and 60 miles from Heathrow Airport. The nearest train station is Shoreham-by-Sea, which is a 20 minute taxi ride from Wiston House and takes 1 hour 10 minutes from London Victoria.

Wiston House
Steyning Road
Steyning
West Sussex
BN44 3DZ
Tel: +44 (0) 1903 815020
www.wistonhouse.co.uk

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The Company of Biologists is widely known for its excellence in scientific publishing and it now runs a successful high level series of Workshops. The Workshops provide leading experts and early career scientists from a diverse range of scientific backgrounds with a stimulating environment for the cross fertilization of interdisciplinary ideas. The programmes are carefully developed and are intended to champion the novel techniques and innovations that will underpin important scientific advances.

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