... Fernald_5-K20_2472_edit
Photo credit: Russell Fernald

Organization of social behaviour in Drosophila melanogaster

Jonathan Schneider

Department of Biology, University of Toronto, Canada

The study of the social environment of Drosophila melanogaster has uncovered complex phenotypes that defy explanation from a dyadic framework, hinting at group-level complexity. To study the pattern and organization of social interactions, we use automated methods to determine and characterize non-random ‘encounters’ of individuals. Within groups, these encounters depend on chemosensory feedback and show qualitative differences between strains and sexes. Using these data-driven definitions of interactions, we see an increased power in quantifying how these behaviours are organized throughout the group. This organization is captured with the robust social interaction networks (SINs), which quantify the structure of a given set of interactions. These SINs vary among strains, sex, and species and are also responsive to the number, but not the density, of flies within the group. This group level organization may be linked with individual behavioural and physiological changes as examining both behaviour and genetic regulation in tandem reveals a synchronising effect in groups of flies interacting within the SIN framework.

Photo credit: Jonathan Schneider
Photo credit: Jonathan Schneider

 

Programme

Click below to return to the Programme


Visit our journal websites

Development Journal of Cell Science The Journal of Experimental Biology Disease Models & Mechanisms Biology Open

© 2017 The Company of Biologists Ltd | Registered Charity 277992
Registered in England and Wales | Company Limited by Guarantee No 514735
Registered office: Bidder Building, Station Road, Histon, Cambridge CB24 9LF, UK