... Picture1_cropped
Photo credit: Patricia Wright

Beyond individuals: the use of population epigenetics to inform environmental conservation, management and restoration

Simon Blanchet

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Moulis, France

Epigenetic variation has recently been proposed as potentially useful and complementary for informing population health and structure of wild populations. Epigenetic variation may therefore be used for the management and conservation of wild populations, which I will discuss in this talk. I will first provide a brief overview of the characteristics that make this biological marker potentially relevant for applied perspectives, and detail the various potential applications. I will then focus further on the use of epigenetic variation observed among populations for inferring population structure, delineate relevant units of conservation and assess population connectivity. I’ll argue that epigenetic variation is particularly useful information if it is complementary (non-redundant) to information carried by genetic variation observed among populations. I will present fieldwork on fish populations, as well as a meta-analysis covering both plant and animal populations to (i) demonstrate that epigenetic variation is often tightly linked to genetic variation in the wild and (ii) discuss the conditions under which epigenetic variation may be a relevant source of information. Finally, I will provide general guidelines and a critical discussion on the use of epigenetic variation for operational objectives. Overall, this talk aims to consider epigenetic variation beyond its impact on individual development and generate an open discussion on how we should consider this novel source of information for conservationists and managers.

Photo credit: Jérôme Prunier

The image illustrates a barrier (weir) on which we work; this type of barrier limits gene flow. This type of barrier is therefore supposed to increase genetic differentiation of populations living above and below the barrier, but also epigenetic variation since habitats are different below and above the weir, which may favour developmental plasticity (through epigenetic changes). We hypothesize that epigenetic variation could be a relevant marker to infer the global impact of this type of obstacle on fish populations, which is useful for managers in charge of river restoration.





Click below to return to the Programme

Sponsored by:


Visit our journal websites

Development Journal of Cell Science The Journal of Experimental Biology Disease Models & Mechanisms Biology Open

© 2024 The Company of Biologists Ltd | Registered Charity 277992
Registered in England and Wales | Company Limited by Guarantee No 514735
Registered office: Bidder Building, Station Road, Histon, Cambridge CB24 9LF, UK